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AI is not a duel between US and China. Europe published largest number of papers.

AI is global

The fight for AI supremacy has been reduced to merely a duel. The facts tell the truth however is not only about US and China.

AI is global.

In 2017 the papers submitted to Association for Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), 83 percent of AI papers originate outside the U.S. and 28 percent of these papers originated from European authors, the largest percentage of any region. China was second with 25%.

Number of Research Papers published at Europe from 1998-2017
Number of Research Papers published at Europe from 1998-2017

56 percent of papers fell into the Machine Learning and Probabilistic Reasoning category in 2017, compared to 28% in 2010.

For most categories below, papers were published at a faster rate during the period 2014—2017 than in the period 2010—2014.

Number of AI papers by sub-category on Scopus from 1998-2017
Number of AI papers by sub-category on Scopus from 1998-2017

Most notably, Neural Networks had a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3% from 2010—2014, followed by a CAGR of 37% from 2014—2017.

Relativity activity focus, by region and AI research sector (2017)
Relativity activity focus, by region and AI research sector (2017)

AI papers in China are more focused on Engineering and Technology and Agricultural Sciences, while AI papers in the U.S. and Europe tend to focus on Humanities and Medical and Health Sciences.

Compared to data from 2000, data from 2017 show increased specialization across the three regions and a shift toward agriculture in China.

Papers by sector affliation - Europe (1998-2017)
AI Papers by sector affiliation – Europe (1998-2017)

In Europe, governments have published thrice the number of papers than the corporates. Academia is not far behind though, which is not shown in the graph presented. In 2017 the number of AI papers on Scopus affiliated with the academic sector in Europe was ~16,000 or ~88% of total AI papers in Europe.

Country-wise, in Europe, UK leads with 32 papers published, followed by 28 of Germany and even Italy had 14 papers.

Number of AI papers submitted and accepted at AAAI conference 2018
Number of AI papers submitted and accepted at AAAI conference 2018

There is a huge interest among European parliamentarians also regarding the impending fourth industrial revolution. In 2018, ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was mentioned more than 200 times in UK parliament.

AI and ML mentions in UK Parliament (1980-2018)
AI and ML mentions in UK Parliament (1980-2018)

AI is now a global race and India will have to do a lot of catch-up, if the country wants to be not an ‘also ran’ [read the report]

Where does India stand in the AI battle?

India is lagging behind by 5-10 years – in research and data. It is time for India to have a definite stand on AI and not just do PR based lip-service.

The state of AI Research in India : Only 17 research papers published at AAAI Conference in 2018 (China: 265)

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