Future of Water: What lies ahead for India

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FUTURE OF WATER
FUTURE OF WATER

Water is the next frontier for countries and everyone is trying to protect their water areas.

FUTURE OF WATER
FUTURE OF WATER

What does the future of water look like in India? Let’s look at different perspectives from the experts.

#2 Prediction of India's water future till 2050

The total water demand in India is expected to increase by 22% and 32% by 2025 and 2050, respectively, from the present level of 680 billion cubic meters (Bm3). The industrial and domestic sectors will account for most of this excess demand(almost) 85% ).

While efficiencies in irrigation would lead to a drop in demand for water in farmlands, a small decline in food production is expected overall. Overall, water in India in future would be almost sufficient for food production.

However, the water usage pattern for food production would change, and lead to regional water crisis in many places.

Needless to say India requires investments and education in recharging groundwater, spreading water saving technologies and increasing crop productivity growth.

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#4 The turbulent future of water in India

A lot of human ingenuity, willpower and investment would be required to secure the future of water in India, which currently looks bleak and turbulent.

India’s dams can store only 200 cubic meters per person. India can store only about 30 days of rainfall, compared to 900 days in major river basins in arid areas of developed countries. 

The need for storage will only grow because global climate change is going to have major impacts in India. 

Not only there is likely to be rapid glacial melting in coming decades in the western Himalayas, there would be increased variability of rainfall in large parts of the subcontinent.

While industrialized countries harness over 80% of their economically-viable hydro-power potential, in India the figure is only 20%. 

In the water-rich northeast of the country, water can be transformed from a curse to a blessing only if major investments are made in water infrastructure.

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