The first BSA Global Cloud Computing Scorecard, released today, ranks India 19th in a list of 24 countries’ preparedness to support the growth of cloud computing. The list is led by Japan with 83.3 points, on a scale of 100, followed by Australia (79.2) and Germany (79.0). India scores 50.0, while Brazil stands last at 35.1 points.
The Business Software Alliance (BSA) is the leading advocate for the global software industry before governments and in the international marketplace. The Global Cloud Computing Scorecard chose 24 countries accounting for 80 percent of the global ICT market based on seven policy categories that measure the countries’ cloud-readiness.
The economic growth predicted to flow from cloud computing — and the resulting transformation of both businesses and national economies — is predicated on the proper policies being in place in each of the seven areas used in the BSA index: ensuring privacy, promoting security, battling cybercrime, protecting intellectual property, ensuring data portability and harmonization of international rules, promoting free trade, and establishing the necessary IT infrastructure. The Scorecard examines major laws and regulations relevant to cloud computing in seven policy categories as well as each country’s ICT-related infrastructure and broadband deployment.
Key findings of the study reveal that while developed nations are more “cloud ready” than developing economies, troubling obstacles emerge when you examine the lack of alignment in the legal and regulatory environments in many of those advanced countries. The Scorecard finds two worlds exist when it comes to cloud preparedness: advanced economies have laws and regulations that promise to support the development of cloud computing. Less-developed economies face several challenges when it comes to fully capitalizing on the economic benefits of the cloud.
The BSA Global Cloud Computing Scorecard provides a roadmap for the initiatives and policies that countries can — and should — take to ensure that they reap the full economic and growth benefits. Countries must take care not to adopt new policies that inhibit the development of the global cloud economy. Already, some countries are placing geographic restrictions on data and considering other limits on outsourcing of work or offshoring of data.
The report points out that in particular, Indian law needs to cover modern copyright issues such as rights management information and technical protection measures. India has still not ratified the WIpo Copyright treaty, leaving significant gaps in copyright protection.
There is a geographical trend in the rankings: European countries (Germany, France, Italy, UK, Spain, Poland) in general scored over APAC and BRIC nations, intermingled with Latin American nations, which closely mirrors the developed-ness of countries. For these and more interesting trends, browse the scorecard here. Individual country reports are available too, and here is India’s.