India has created history with the successful launch of Mangalyaan. The MOM (Mars Orbiter Moon) . Here is what you need to know and be super proud of “MADE IN INDIA”.
– NASA which sent off its own mission to Mars, called Maven was made at a cost of INR 4500 crores. MOM’s cost is only 450 crores. No MVP, but all lean methodology!
— ISRO (@isro) September 24, 2014
– India is the fourth country in the world to reach Mars.
– India is the first country to reach Mars in one shot.
– Follow MarsOrbiter journey on Twitter.
– The core idea behind Mangalyaan mission is to demonstrate India’s technical capabilties. Did you know that MOM satellite’s development was fast-tracked and completed in a record 15 months.
From Earlier Coverage.
The MOM spaceship had passed many severe tests on ground before being launched by the PSLV-C25 into outer space from Sriharikota on November 5th last year.
The MOM is designed to exhibit India’s engineering space technology for an interplanetary mission. If completed successfully in the next 48 hours, this would be India’s first interplanetary mission and ISRO would be the 4th Space Agency to reach Mars after Soviet space program, NASA, and the European Space Agency.
The total expenditure made on the project sums up to 4.54 billion INR (US$74 million). The MOM’s on-orbit mission life is 6-8 months. Although the primary objective of MOM is exhibition of space technology, during its course MOM will also study about Mars’ surface features, morphology, mineralogy and Martian atmosphere. All this would be crucial to ISRO considering that it would all be done with indigenous instruments.
ISRO was well prepared for possible chances of mishap and hence had devised a ‘Plan B’ which was to fire the eight thrusters originally meant for altitude control and orientation. This would have put the Orbiter into the Martian orbit, but ISRO had mentioned that they were unaware of how close that would be to the red planet.
The parallel fuel and oxidiser circuits, installed for the first time by ISRO, so that supply of fuel and other agents to the engine and the thrusters is not affected due to leakages, corrosion or swelling of parts due to long exposure, could be what had kept the spaceship alive after long durations of idling.
This sure is a major step for Indian Space Research, considering the cost effectiveness of the project and the enormous opportunities such projects can open for ISRO. MOM, informally called Mangalyaan, had created quite a buzz for being the cheapest Mars mission by any nation. Also, the project was developed and completed in a record span of 15 months with cutting edge engineering techniques. ISRO also plans a follow up mission in the 2017-2020 time periods with a greater scientific payload.
Well, here is something we all should be proud of!
[Details of the MOM has been sourced from Wikipedia. Images from ISRO]