As Metathinkers, our aim is to shift between types of thinking to see reality in new ways.
Logical thinking is monologic, static, and constrained by rules. It follows specific systematic rules to determine whether a conclusion is justified given its premises and assumes a connection or chain of causality. There are three types of logical reasoning: deductive, inductive, and abductive.
- Deductive thinking derives a particular conclusion from a set of general premises or rules, and the conclusions are always true.
- Inductive thinking derives a general conclusion or rule from a set of particular cases, and the conclusions are considered always true until otherwise discovered.
- Abductive thinking derives a possible conclusion from a set of individual cases, and the conclusions are potentially but not necessarily true.