How Risky Should Your Retirement Savings Be? | All Else Equal
In this engaging conversation, finance professors Jonathan Berk and Jules van Binsbergen delve into the critical topic of managing risks in retirement savings.
They shed light on the importance of diversification, understanding personal risk exposure, and tailoring investments to individual circumstances.
Diversification Across Sectors
All investments, even those outside the stock market, should be diversified.
It’s essential to avoid putting too much money into a specific sector, like real estate, and to keep investments diversified across stocks, bonds, and other assets.
Risk Tolerance is Personal
While everyone should aim to diversify their investments, the amount of risk one can bear is a very personal decision.
Different people have different risk characteristics, and the amount of risk one takes on should be an individual decision.
Personal Exposure to Risk
If one works in a particular sector, their portfolio should contain fewer stocks from that sector because their human capital is already exposed to it.
This strategy helps mitigate the risk of the sector failing.
Tailoring Risk to Personal Situation
Investments should be underexposed to the industry one works in to mitigate the risk of that sector failing.
Most families operate as a unit, so the industry your spouse works in should also be considered when creating a retirement portfolio.
Understanding Uncertainty Versus Risk
How an investment portfolio performs based on one’s own state is a key part of understanding risk.
Stocks that perform well when the economy is doing well are riskier than those that perform well when the economy isn’t doing well.
Critique of One-Size-Fits-All Philosophy
Many defined benefit pension plans invest all participants’ money the same way, regardless of their individual risk appetite.
This approach may not always be in the best interest of the participants.
Drawbacks of Defined Contribution Plans
While defined contribution plans allow individuals to tailor their investments to their specific needs, many people lack the financial knowledge to make informed investment decisions.
This situation can lead to people being taken advantage of.
You should never invest in individual stocks. You should always invest in a portfolio of stocks. So the way we say this in plain terms is that you should not put all of your eggs in one basket. – Jonathan Berk
Issue with Target Date Funds
Target date funds often invest too aggressively in stocks, especially for younger people.
It’s important to not assume that the default investment option is the right choice for everyone.
Importance of Personalized Investment Strategies
Investment strategies should be personalized based on individual characteristics and risk tolerance.
It’s crucial to think critically about one’s investment strategies and to seek advice if necessary.