Outcomes Over Output – Joshua Seiden Book Summary

Outcomes Over Output – Joshua Seiden | Free Book Summary

Outcomes Over Output – Joshua Seiden

Gold insights on Product Delivery

The Meaning Of Outcomes

An outcome is “a change in human behaviour that drives business results.” Outcomes have nothing to do with making ‘stuff’ – though they’re something created by making the right stuff.

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Outcomes are the changes in the customer, user, employee behaviour that lead to good things for your company, your organisation, or whoever is the focus of your work.

Outcomes Are Behaviours, Measurable And Observable

Engineering managers and product managers pride themselves on delivery. Did the thing get built on time, on budget, and on spec? That’s how we judge our own performance and also how our managers typically judge us.

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Instead, we should be measuring ourselves against user and customer behaviour changes. Email open rates, user interactions, account creations, and the like.

Feature Requests Are Simply Problems To Solve

Instead of building plans around outputs or features, it often makes more sense to plan around themes of work, problems to solve, or outcomes to deliver.

A leader has to coordinate with internal teams(like support) for input and shift the conversations about features to conversations about problems and possible solutions.

Delivering Value

In place of big-bang product releases, a leader has to focus on creating specific, smaller customer behaviours that drive business results. You can create new behaviours or focus on existing customer behaviours (e.g. opening emails or sharing images). This could in turn help increase the lifetime value of those users, which is a measurable business result.


The customer-centric company’s highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of value.

For example: Enabling users to create a music playlist, so that they can find their favourite music easily.

The Right Outcome

How do teams determine the right outcomes to concentrate on?

Firstly, they ask: “What are the customer behaviors that drive business results?” and set an “impact level target.”

Secondly, once the impact level target has been defined, they can then ask, “What are the things that customers do that they predict will make them visit our site?”

The focus is on observable and measurable outcomes.

The Magic Questions

The magic questions that we can all apply when figuring out the right, measurable outcomes to concentrate on are: 

What are the user and customer behaviors that drive business results? This is the outcome that we’re trying to create.

How can we get people to do more of these behaviors? These are the features, policy changes, promotions, etc. 

How do we know that we’re right? 

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