The Sounds of Life | Karen Bakker | Talks at Google
In this Talks at Google podcast, author and researcher Karen Bakker explores the fascinating world of nature’s sounds, as detailed in her new book.
She discusses how digital technologies are helping to uncover the vibrant conversations among various species, many of which are beyond our hearing range.
Bakker also highlights the potential risks and ethical considerations associated with these technologies.
The Role of AI in Analyzing Animal Communication
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is proving to be a powerful tool in analyzing large datasets of non-human sounds.
By linking these sounds to non-human behaviors, AI is helping researchers decode the meanings of the acoustic communication of various species.
This is leading to a deeper understanding of animal communication.
First, do no harm. Doctors are trained before– if you can’t be sure you’re going to do harm, maybe better not to intervene. We don’t really have the ethical frameworks in place. – Karen Bakker
Ethical Considerations in Using Digital Technologies
While the potential of digital technologies in uncovering nature’s hidden conversations is exciting, it’s crucial to consider the ethical implications.
These technologies can be used to surveil and manipulate, and there’s a risk of them being used for precision hunting or fishing.
Ethical guardrails are necessary to prevent potential misuses.
The Importance of Data Sovereignty
The concept of data sovereignty, which asserts ownership of data and requires certain protocols before the data can be shared or released, is gaining traction.
This suggests that we need to anticipate a future where non-humans may have more legal rights than they currently do.
The Use of Technology for Conservation
Digital technologies can be effectively used for conservation efforts, such as automating the detection of poachers.
However, there needs to be a balance between what we can do with these technologies and what we should do, to ensure that their use is ethical and responsible.
The Need for Updated Environmental Legislation
There’s a need for an overhaul of environmental legislation to account for these new digital technologies.
National parks and conservation organizations could take the lead in establishing safety protocols for the use of these technologies.
Both global and local approaches are necessary to reinvent environmental regulation and governance for the digital age.
Insights into Plant Communication
Plants make different sounds based on their state of health, which can be recognized by AI algorithms.
This opens up a new realm of research and understanding of plant life.
Moreover, plants have been found to respond to sounds, releasing defensive chemicals when they hear the sound of an insect predator chewing on leaves of their plant species.
The Effects of Noise Pollution on Birds
Noise pollution is affecting the communication of birds in urban areas, causing them to sing louder and reducing the complexity of their songs.
However, reducing noise pollution can have immediate and significant results, as shown by a study during the pandemic where urban birds started singing less loudly but longer and more complex songs when car noise reduced.
Redefining Our Understanding of Intelligence
The use of AI as a digital intermediary could offer new insights into the controversial topic of intelligence or self-awareness in other species.
This could potentially lead to connections to broader debates around sentience.
Establishing an Ethical Framework
Given the potential for harm and the lack of consent from other species, there’s a need for an ethical framework in this area of research.
It’s important to focus more on what other species are saying to one another and to other species, rather than assuming they would want to communicate with us.